Gaussian noise; IoT; Medical imaging; Noise filters; Salt and pepper noise; Speckle noise; Uniform noise
Noise reduction is a perplexing undertaking for the researchers in digital image processing and has a wide range of applications in automation, IoT (Internet of Things), medicine, etc. Noise generates maximum critical disturbances as well as touches the medical images quality, ultrasound images in the field of biomedical imaging. The image is normally considered as a gathering of data and the existence of noises degradation the image quality. It ought to be vital to reestablish the original image noises for accomplishing maximum data from images. Digital images are debased through noise through its transmission and procurement. Noisy image reduces the image contrast, edges, textures, object details, and resolution, thereby decreasing the performance of postprocessing algorithms. This paper mainly focuses on Gaussian noise, salt and pepper noise, uniform noise, speckle noise. Different filtering techniques can be adapted for noise declining to improve the visual quality as well as a reorganization of images. Here four types of noises have been undertaken and applied to process images. Besides linear and nonlinear filtering methods like Gaussian filter, median filter, mean filter and Weiner filter applied for noise reduction as well as estimate the performance of filter through the parameters like mean square error (MSE), peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR), average difference value (AD) and maximum difference value (MD) to diminish the noises without corrupting the medical image data.
Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH