Global liquidity; Monetary policy divergence; Spillover effects; Vietnam
This paper studies the spillovers of global liquidity and monetary policy divergence from advanced economies to Vietnam. Applying the structural Bayesian Vector Auto-Regressive model with Sims–Zha prior distribution, we find that unconventional monetary policy shocks of major central banks led to a reduction in inflation and short-term interest rate as well as an appreciation of local currency in Vietnam. However, market liquidity provided by surge in the cross-border credit flow led to a temporary upward pressure on inflation, interest and foreign exchange rates. Both types of global liquidity caused an insignificant effect on stock price which evidence the dominance of traditional interest rate and bank-lending over asset price channels in Vietnam. When disintegrating the effects among the monetary shocks from the US, European Union and Japan, the empirical result reveals some evidence of contradictory effects. Accordingly, GDP decreased after Fed’s asset purchase while it slightly increased following the same action from European Central Bank. Quantitative easing shocks also caused a depreciation in USD and Euro, resulting in a decrease in foreign exchange rate but large-scale asset purchase from the Bank of Japan is translated into an upward trend in the exchange rate.